The articles in Spanish

The articles indicate the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the word it accompanies and is divided into:

  • Definite articles:

The Definite article in English is “The”. In Spanish, there are 4 definite articles that must match the gender and number of a noun. These are “El”, “La”, “Los” and “Las”. Here’s a chart of the definite articles in Spanish.

Definite Article Gender Number Example
el masculine singular el zapato
la feminine singular la puerta
los masculine plural los zapatos
las feminine plural las puertas

In Spanish the definite article is often used with:

  1. People’s titles.

E.g.:

– El señor González trabaja en la escuela.

– La señorita López vive en Antigua.

  1. Is used before names of the seasons of the year, days of the week, certain expressions of time, parts of the body, clothing and official names of some countries.

E.g.:

– El verano es muy caliente. (season)

– El martes no iré a trabajar. (day)

– La próxima vez iré a ese restaurante. (expression of time)

– Tiene una herida en la pierna. (part of the body)

– El vestido de Luisa es azul. (clothing)

– El salvador, Los Estados Unidos, etc. (name of countries)

  1. It comes before names of languages and subjects of study except after the words: hablar, en, de.

E.g.:

– El español es un idioma bello.

– La biología es una ciencia,

– El japonés es difícil.

  1. It goes before abstract names, measurements and the words ciudad, capital, clase, iglesia, aldea after a preposition.

E.g.:

– La inmensidad del mar.

– La profundidad de los ríos.

– Viajamos a la capital.

– Nos quedamos fuera de la clase.

5. It is used to give the role of – noun-  to an adjective and other words.

E.g.:

– El amado.

– La triste.

– El querer.

– El oír.

  • Indefinite articles:

We use the indefinite article in Spanish when talking about someone or something without specifying precisely which person or thing we are referring to. It has four forms as well as the definite article, and must also agree in gender and number with the noun that it modifies. Here’s a chart of the indefinite articles in Spanish.

Indefinite Article Gender Number Example
un masculine singular Un libro
una feminine singular Una computadora
unos masculine plural Unos libros
unas feminine plural Unas computadoras
  • Neutral articles:

“lo” is placed before an adjective which is being used as a noun.

E.g.:

– Lo malo.

– Lo fácil.

– Lo bueno.

– Lo mejor.

 

 

 

 

 

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Lisa Ramirez Written by:

Graphic Designer, Blog editor, Spanish Teacher.

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